Chinese martial arts is considered by many to symbolise the strength of the Chinese and their pride in their history, and has long been regarded as an important element of Chinese culture and national identity. Politics and Identity in Chinese Martial Arts comprehensively examines the development of Chinese martial arts in the context of history and politics, and highlights its role in nation building and identity construction over the past two centuries. This book explores how the development of Chinese martial arts was influenced by the ruling regimes' political and military policies, as well as the social and economic environment. It also discusses the transformation of Chinese martial arts into its modern form as a competitive sport, a sport for all and a performing art, considering the effect of the rapid transformation of Chinese society in the 20th century and the influence of Western sports. The text concludes by examining the current prominence of Chinese martial arts on a global scale and the bright future of the sport as a unique cultural icon and national symbol of China in an era of globalisation. Politics and Identity in Chinese Martial Arts is important reading for researchers, students and scholars working in the areas of Chinese studies, Chinese history, political science and sports studies. It is also a valuable read for anyone with a special interest in Chinese martial arts.
Table of contents:
1 Introduction 2 From Shang to Yuan Dynasties The Shang and Zhou Dynasties The Qin and Han Dynasties The Jin and the Northern and Southern Dynasties The Sui and Tang Dynasties The Song and Yuan Dynasties Conclusion 3 The Ming and Qing Dynasties The Ming Golden Age The Rise of Various Schools of Martial Arts The Ban on Martial Arts The Tiandihui, the Boxer Rebellion and the Nationalist Revolution Conclusion 4 The Republic of China Era Nationalism, Militarism and Martial Arts Chinese Martial Arts Publications The Debate The Rise of Wuxia Novels and Movies Conclusion 5 The Mao Era Surviving Socialist Reforms Revolutionary Wushu Recovering from the Cultural Revolution Wuxia Novels and Movies: Blending Martial Arts and Nationalism Conclusion 6 The Era of Reform and Opening Up Restoring the Cultural Tradition Transforming Wushu into a Competitive Sport Developing Wushu as a Sport for All Wuxia Movies: Projecting the Chineseness Wushu Goes Global Conclusion 7 Conclusion Chinese Martial Arts: History, Politics and National Identity Modern vs. Tradition
Lu Zhouxiang is Lecturer in Chinese Studies within the School of Modern Languages, Literatures and Cultures at the National University of Ireland Maynooth, Ireland.