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Nation-Building and Personality Cult in Turkmenistan: The Turkmenbasy Phenomenon
Published by Routledge
Turkmenistan is a country which is almost sealed off from the rest of the world but it has attracted foreign attention due to the eccentricities of its late president Saparmurat Niyazov Turkmenbasy, whose ideological construction and dynamics of power have remained in place after his death. This book offers a thorough analysis of why this personality cult developed in Turkmenistan in a way that has not been seen in other newly developed Central Asian countries. In assessing the Turkmenbasy phenomenon, this book explains the causes and origins of the personality cult by drawing a comparison with Qadhdhafi's Libya. The author understands the Niyazov cult not as a discrete phenomenon but as a system deriving from specific historical functions and functioning in a determined social and historical context. Using accounts of the Turkmenbasy and Qadhdhafi cults and the speeches and books written by these personalities, this book focuses on the institutional side of the personality cult. A fascinating analysis of the political situation in Turkmenistan under Saparmurat Niyazov, this book will be of interest to scholars of Political Science, Comparative Politics and, in particular, Central Asian Studies.
Introduction - Niyazov's Turkmenistan: yet another mystery wrapped in an enigma? 1. What is a personality cult? 2. Qadhdhafi's Libya: a `maverick state' 3. Turkmenistan: from `tribal society' to modern nation? 4. Niyazov's personality cult as a unifying tool for nation-building
Fabio De Leonardis received his PhD from University of Bari, Italy. He was previously a visiting scholar at the Center for Russian, East European and Eurasian Studies, Stanford University, USA, and is currently a teacher at Academy Union Education, Shenzhen, the People's Republic of China.
Reviewer: Caleb Simmons
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