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Malay Court Religion, Culture and Language: Interpreting the Qur'an in 17th Century Aceh
Published by Brill
In this book Peter G. Riddell studies the two earliest works of Qur'anic exegesis from the Malay-Indonesian world. He explores the 17th century context in the Sultanate of Aceh that produced them and the history of both texts.
In Malay Court Religion, Culture and Language: Interpreting the Qur'an in 17th Century Aceh Peter G. Riddell undertakes a detailed study of the two earliest works of Qur'anic exegesis from the Malay-Indonesian world. Riddell explores the 17th century context in the Sultanate of Aceh that produced the two works, and the history of both texts. He argues that political, social and religious factors provide important windows into the content and approaches of both Qur'anic commentaries. He also provides a transliteration of the Jawi Malay text of both commentaries on sura 18 of the Qur'an (al-Kahf), as well as an annotated translation into English. This work represents an important contribution to the search for greater understanding of the early Islamic history of the Malay-Indonesian world.
DEDICATION CONTENTS FOREWORD ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS LIST OF TABLES, FIGURES AND MAPS ABBREVIATIONS PART ONE CHAPTER 1: ONE CENTURY, TWO COMMENTARIES SETTING THE ISLAMIC STAGE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA Early Arrivals Empires and Rivalry 1511-1607 The Dutch, the British and New Alliances THE EARLIEST QUR'ANIC COMMENTARIES IN MALAY Tafsir Sura al-Kahf Tarjuman al-Mustafid GOING ABOUT OUR TASK CHAPTER 2: THE WUJUDIYYA ENVIRONMENT OF TAFSIR SURA AL-KAHF EARLY MALAY ISLAMIC LITERATURE ACEHNESE RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS CONTEMPORANEOUS WITH TAFSIR SURA AL-KAHF Hamza Fansuri: conceptualising wahdat al-wujud Shams al-Din al-Samatra'i: furthering wahdat al-wujud The Wujudiyya View of God according to Hamza and Shams al-Din Ingredients for a polemic The use of Qur'anic verses by Hamza and Shams al-Din CONCLUSION CHAPTER 3: THE REFORMIST ENVIRONMENT OF TARJUMAN AL-MUSTAFID NUR AL-DIN AL-RANIRI: CHALLENGING HAMZA AND SHAMS AL-DIN The Shari'a-minded contribution Other Factors: Doctrine versus Power 'ABD AL-RA'UF OF SINGKEL: SEEKING RECONCILIATION Returning to Aceh Writings on Qur'an, Hadith, Law Writings on Sufism CONCLUSION PART TWO CHAPTER 4: THE SIGNIFICANCE AND PRAGMATIC ROLES OF SURA AL-KAHF ITS GENESIS: THE SEVEN SLEEPERS OF EPHESUS FROM CHRISTIANITY INTO ISLAM ITS ESCHATOLOGICAL ROLE ITS INTERCESSORY ROLE: THE ISSUE OF TAWASSUL OTHER CONSIDERATIONS CONCLUSION CHAPTER 5: NARRATIVE EXPLICATION BY THE 17TH C. ACEHNESE COMMENTATORS UNNAMED SOURCES Tafsir al-Baghawi (the core of MS Ii.6.45) Tafsir al-Jalalayn (the core of Tarjuman al-Mustafid) NAMED SOURCES Tafsir al-Khazin Tafsir al-Baydawi Sahih al-Bukhari Manafi' al-Qur'an Additional sources named in Camb. MS Or. Ii.6.45 Additional sources named in Tarjuman al-Mustafid ISSUES ARISING FROM THE CHOICE OF SOURCES The Issue of the Isra'iliyyat Camb. MS Ii.6.45 and the Isra'iliyyat Other Potential Problems? The Circumspection of 'Abd al-Ra'uf CHAPTER 6: STUDY OF THE QIRA'AT IN 17TH CENTURY ACEH IDENTIFICATION OF THE CANONICAL QIRA'AT DATA ON THE QIRA'AT IN CAMBRIDGE MS OR. II.6.45 DATA ON THE QIRA'AT IN 'ABD AL-RA'UF'S TARJUMAN AL-MUSTAFID The various Fa'ida and the Named Readers VERIFYING THE DATA ON THE QIRA'AT IN THE 17TH COMMENTARIES BROADER OBSERVATIONS CONCLUSION CHAPTER 7: COMPARING THE TEXTS FOCUSING ON SOURCE TEXT OR TARGET AUDIENCE: Q18:1-3 HINTS OF SUFI INFLUENCE: Q18:7 EXTRAVAGANCE OR ECONOMY OF STYLE: Q18:9 Narrative Style and Theological Perspectives CONSIDERING PEOPLE'S CONCERNS ABOUT THE LAST JUDGEMENT: 18:47-49 THE ENCOUNTER BETWEEN MOSES AND KHIDR: Q18:75-82 CONSIDERING DHU L-QARNAYN'S JOURNEY TO THE EAST AND THE WEST: Q18:83-92 CHAPTER 8: CONCLUSIONS AUTHORS AND COPYISTS PART THREE APPENDIX A: ROMANISED MALAY TEXT OF CAMB. MS OR. II.6.45 A NOTE ON THE METHOD OF ROMANIZATION AND TRANSLITERATION SURA AL-KAHF APPENDIX A: ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF CAMB. MS OR. II.6.45 INTRODUCTION: A WARNING FOR THE CHRISTIANS THE ACCOUNT OF THE COMPANIONS OF THE CAVE ORDERS AND PROHIBITIONS THE PARABLE OF THE VINEYARDS THE PARABLE OF THE LIFE OF THIS WORLD WARNINGS OF JUDGEMENT AND PROMISES OF REWARD THE ACCOUNT OF MOSES' QUEST FOR KNOWLEDGE THE ACCOUNT OF DHU L-QARNAYN APPENDIX B: ROMANISED MALAY TEXT OF 'ABD AL-RA'UF'S COMMENTARY ON SURA AL-KAHF SURA AL-KAHF MAKIYYA APPENDIX B: ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF 'ABD AL-RA'UF'S COMMENTARY ON SURA AL-KAHF SURA AL-KAHF (MECCAN) A WARNING FOR THE CHRISTIANS THE ACCOUNT OF THE COMPANIONS OF THE CAVE ORDERS AND PROHIBITIONS THE PARABLE OF THE VINEYARDS THE PARABLE OF THE LIFE OF THIS WORLD WARNINGS OF JUDGEMENT AND PROMISES OF REWARD THE ACCOUNT OF MOSES' QUEST FOR KNOWLEDGE THE ACCOUNT OF DHU L-QARNAYN BIBLIOGRAPHY MANUSCRIPTS CONSULTED
Peter Riddell, Ph.D. (1985), Australian National University, is Vice Principal Academic at Melbourne School of Theology and Professorial Research Associate in History at SOAS. He has published widely on Islam in Southeast Asia, including Islam and the Malay-Indonesian World (Hurst, 2001).
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