Examines upgradation and innovation by firms in GVCs through case studies of China, India, South Korea, the Philippines and Sri Lanka.
Can firms and economies utilize global value chains for development? How can they move from low-income to middle-income and even high-income status? This book addresses these questions through a series of case studies examining upgradation and innovation by firms operating in GVCs in Asia. The countries examined are China, India, South Korea, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, with studies of firms operating in varied sectors - aerospace components, apparel, automotive, consumer electronics including mobile phones, telecom equipment, IT software and services, and pharmaceuticals.
Table of contents:
List of tables and figures; 1. Introduction Dev Nathan, Meenu Tewari and Sandip Sarkar; 2. The changing landscape of contract manufacturers in the electronics industry global value chain Gale Raj-Reichert; 3. Gaining process rents in the apparel industry: incremental improvements in labour and other management practices Dev Nathan and Harsh; 4. New economic geographies of manufacturing in China Shengjun Zhu; 5. The Philippines: a sequential approach to upgrading in manufacturing global value chains Penny Bamber, Jack Daly, Stacey Frederick and Gary Gereffi; 6. Learning sequences in lower tiers of India's automotive value chain Meenu Tewari; 7. Innovation and learning of latecomers: a case study of Chinese telecom-equipment companies Peilei Fan; 8. From the phased manufacturing programme to frugal engineering: some initial propositions Nasir Tyabji; 9. Industrial upgrading in the apparel value chain: the Sri Lanka experience Prema-chandra Athukorala; 10. Strategic change in Indian IT majors: a challenge Neetu Ahmed; 11. Moving from OEM to OBM? Upgrading of the Chinese mobile phone industry Huasheng Zhu, Fan Xu and Qingcan He; 12. Indian pharmaceutical industry: policy and institutional challenges of moving from manufacturing generics to drug discovery Dinesh Abrol and Nidhi Singh; 13. Revisiting the miracle: South Korea's industrial upgrading from a global value chain perspective Joonkoo Lee, Sang-Hoon Lee and Gwanho Park; 14. Evolutionary demand, innovation, and development Smita Srinivas; 15. GVCs and development policy: vertically- specialized industrialization Dev Nathan.
Dev Nathan is Professor at the Institute for Human Development, New Delhi, and Visiting Research Fellow at Duke University, North Carolina He is currently also the Coordinator of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC)-supported South Asia Research Network (SARNET) on Employment and Social Protection. His research interests are labour in global production, gender relations and development issues of indigenous peoples. Meenu Tewari is Associate Professor at the Department of City and Regional Planning at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. She works on the political economy of economic and industrial development, poverty alleviation, small firms, and the urban informal economy from a comparative, institutional perspective. Sandip Sarkar is Professor at the Institute for Human Development, New Delhi. His area of research is poverty, labour and livelihood in agriculture and non-agricultural sectors in which he has worked for over two decades. He is the coordinator of the Institute of Human Development (IHD) Data Centre on Labour Markets and Human Development.