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A Career of Japan: Baron Raimund von Stillfried and Early Yokohama Photography

Luke Gartlan

978 90 04 28932 1
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Publication date:
1 December 2015

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A Career of Japan is the first study of one of the major photographers and personalities of nineteenth-century Japan. Baron Raimund von Stillfried was the most important foreign-born photographer of the Meiji era and one of the first globally active photographers of his generation. Based on extensive new primary sources and unpublished documents from archives around the world, this book examines von Stillfried's significance as a cultural mediator between Japan and Central Europe.

Table of contents: 

Acknowledgments Note for the Reader Introduction: With Argus Eyes The Death of a Photographer Objectives and Parameters Chapter Outline 1. From Dreams to Specters On the Frontiers of Empire Maritime and Artistic Education Military Service and Travels Serving Emperor Maximilian in Mexico The Legacy of Queretaro Empire Lost 2. Changing View s First Visit to Japan, 1864-65 35 Serving Empire In Absentia Felice Beato: Mentor and Model? First Portfolios An Expatriate Market The Coming of the Globetrotter 3. The Mikado Photograph Affair Touring Yokosuka Arsenal Photographing the Emperor Censoring the Foreigner The Imperial Commissions Circulation and Display 4. Picturing Hokkaido Terms and Duties The Hokkaido Commission Views of Hokkaido The Ainu as Subject Reprographic Afterlives 5. Sex and Violence in the Tea house Preparations At the Vienna World Exposition A Teahouse for Vienna Blood Statement 6. A Merchant of Images Austro-Hungarian Globetrotters The Rise of the Japan Photographic Association Toward a Global Enterprise 7. Constructing and Contesting Japan Four Photographic Albums Colored Costumes Masters and Apprentices 8. The Trials of Stillfried Hermann Andersen and Stillfried and Andersen Professor Stillfried: An Expert Witness and Instructor The Consular Courts and the Arrival of Franz von Stillfried A New Series, Painted and Unpainted Stillfried and the Return to Paints Conclusion: Visual Histories and Volatile Markets Afterword: A Prodigal Subject The Presentation of Self Exhibiting Asia in Vienna Rethinking the Travel Photographer Appendix A Baron Heinrich von Calice, Jedo [Tokyo], to Count Friedrich von Beust, Vienna. Bericht uber eine Beschwerde gegen Baron Stillfried wegen Aufnahme und Verkauf einer Photographie des Mikado und daraus entstandene Unzukommlichkeiten (Report on a Complaint against Baron Stillfried due to the Taking and Marketing of a Photograph of the Mikado and Any Resulting Inconveniences), 20 January 1872. Appendix B [Watanabe Hiromoto], Transcription of an Interview with the Carpenter Genkichi, November- December 1873, Vienna. Appendix C A Brief Timeline of Raimund von Stillfried's Studios, Associates, and Competitors. Appendix D Indenture of Sale of Photographic Goods from Raimund von Stillfried to Franz von Stillfried, United States Consulate in Yokohama, 6 December 1879. Glossary of Japanese Terms Notes Selected Bibliography Index


Luke Gartlan (PhD 2004) is a lecturer at the School of Art History, University of St Andrews. He is the editor of the peer-reviewed international quarterly History of Photography, and co-editor, with Ali Behdad, of Photography's Orientalism: New Essays on Colonial Representation (Getty Research Institute, 2013). His research concerns photography and cultural exchange in the nineteenth century, especially with reference to the camera's role in colonial-era visual culture, histories of travel and exploration, and non-Western responses to photography.



 is an initiative of the International Insitute for Asian Studies
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