Published by Lexington Books
This book explores the commemoration and remembrance of the traumatic Operation Bluestar through the material and visual memorialization apparent in the shrines and streets of the city of Amritsar in northern India.
This book explores a traumatic event known throughout India as Operation Bluestar. During the Operation, the Indian army entered one of Sikhism's most sacred shrines, the Darbar Sahib in the city of Amritsar, to dislodge militants who had taken shelter within. Among the many who died during Operation Bluestar was the militant leader, Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, who is now remembered and commemorated as a martyr. Sikhs revere their martyrs. Images and religious souvenirs of martyrs share space with posters and portraiture of the ten Sikh Gurus. The visual idiom is a key form of remembering the modern martyrs of Operation Bluestar. Despite the emotive imagery, a tension exists between the need to forget the violence of militancy and remembrance of martyrs. It is this tension that shapes accounts of what happened in the city of Amritsar in 1984 before and after Operation Bluestar. But what happened is an account that changes over time and between storytellers. Each account might have a little omission, a small part that is overlooked, ignored, or sometimes laid to rest. Memory has the quality of bringing the past into the present, but with deletions that suit the storyteller and audience. This book traverses the terrain of memory, hollowed out by little bits of forgetting.
Table of contents:
Introduction: Pasts We Cannot Forget 1. Portrait of a Martyr 2. Seeing Off the Dead 3. Bazaar Divinity 4. Curating the Sacred
Radhika Chopra is associate professor at the Department of Sociology of the University of Delhi.