- Willem Vogelsang specialises in the ancient and modern history and cultures of Central Asia, Iran and Afghanistan and has written numerous books and articles on the subject. He studied Indian and Iranian languages and cultures at Cambridge, Gent, Groningen and Leiden. He received his PhD degree in 1990 with the thesis: The Iranian Achaemenid Empire: Investigation into the establishment and organization of Persian Achaemenid domination of the Iranian Plateau and beyond. From 1990 until 2002 he was the Executive Secretary of the Centre for Non-Western Studies of Leiden University, and from 2002 until 2008 curator for Central and Southwest Asia at the National Museum of Ethnology, also at Leiden. After 9/11 he was also attached to the Dutch Ministry of Defense as coordinator for civil-military cooperation in Afghanistan, and assisted in the refurbishment of the National Museum in Kabul. From 2008 until 2011 he was the cultural and regional advisor for the Netherlands embassy in Kabul, and in that capacity was based in the southern Afghan province of Uruzgan. In 2011 he was appointed at IIAS in Leiden. Publications include The Afghans (Oxford 2002/2008), and, together with his wife Gillian Vogelsang-Eastwood, Covering the Moon. An Introduction to Middle Eastern Face-Veils (Louvain 2008).